Title Linking Light-Dependent Life History Traits with Population Dynamics for Prochlorococcus and Cyanophage
Publication Type Journal Article
Year of Publication 2020
Authors Demory D, Liu R, Chen Y, Zhao F, Coenen AR, Zeng Q, Weitz JS
Journal mSystems
Abstract

Prochlorococcus cyanobacteria grow in diurnal rhythms driven by diel cycles. Their ecology depends on light, nutrients, and top-down mortality processes, including lysis by viruses. Cyanophage, viruses that infect cyanobacteria, are also impacted by light. For example, the extracellular viability and intracellular infection kinetics of some cyanophage vary between light and dark conditions. Nonetheless, it remains unclear whether light-dependent viral life history traits scale up to influence population-level dynamics. Here, we examined the impact of diel forcing on both cellular- and population-scale dynamics in multiple Prochlorococcus-phage systems. To do so, we developed a light-driven population model, including both cellular growth and viral infection dynamics. We then tested the model against measurements of experimental infection dynamics with diel forcing to examine the extent to which population level changes in both viral and host abundances could be explained by light-dependent life history traits. Model-data integration reveals that light-dependent adsorption can improve fits to population dynamics for some virus-host pairs. However, light-dependent variation alone does not fully explain realized host and virus population dynamics. Instead, we show evidence consistent with lysis saturation at relatively high virus-to-cell ratios. Altogether, our study represents a quantitative approach to integrate mechanistic models to reconcile Prochlorococcus-virus dynamics spanning cellular-to-population scales.

URL https://msystems.asm.org/content/5/2/e00586-19
DOI 10.1128/mSystems.00586-19